To consider a career in robotics, you need to first understand the concept and what a career in it entails. Robotics is a branch of mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, and computer science that deals with the design, construction, operation, and application of robots, as well as computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing.
Is Robotics a Good Career?
Robotics engineers are masters-of-all-trades. They are the bridge between mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, computer science, and even psychology. To be a robotics engineer, you have to be great at learning and there are many reasons why robotics is a great choice for young engineers; these reasons have been highlighted in this article.
What Should I Study for a Career in Robotics?
Careers in the field of robotics are popular as more and more people are looking to work with robots and the embedded intelligence that is being developed for a variety of electronic devices. Here are some major fields of study for you.
- Electrical/electric engineering. Electrical engineering is one of the best majors to have in college to help pursue a career in robotics
- Mechanical engineering
- Computer science
- Design and technology
- Computing and programming.
What are the Types of Robots?
There are six main types of industrial robots: Cartesian, SCARA, cylindrical, delta, polar and vertically articulated. However, there are several additional types of robot configurations.
- Articulated– An articulated robot is a robot with rotary joints. Articulated robots can range from simple two-jointed structures to systems with 10 or more interacting joints and materials. They are powered by a variety of means, including electric motors. Each joint is called an axis and provides an additional degree of freedom, or range of motion. Industrial robots commonly have four or six axes.
- Cartesian– A Cartesian robot can be defined as an industrial robot whose three principal axes of control are linear and are at right angles to each other. Using their rigid structure, they can carry high payloads. They can perform some functions such as pick and place, loading and unloading, material handling, and so on. These are also called rectilinear or gantry robots.
- Cylindrical – The robot has at least one rotary joint at the base and at least one prismatic joint to connect the links. The rotary joint uses a rotational motion along the joint axis, while the prismatic joint moves in a linear motion. Cylindrical robots operate within a cylindrical-shaped work envelope.
- Polar– Also called spherical robots, in this configuration the arm is connected to the base with a twisting joint and a combination of two rotary joints and one linear joint. The axes form a polar coordinate system and create a spherical-shaped work envelope.
- SCARA – Commonly used in assembly applications, this selectively compliant arm for robotic assembly is primarily cylindrical in design. It features two parallel joints that provide compliance in one selected plane.
- Delta – These spider-like robots are built from joint parallelograms connected to a common base. The parallelograms move a single EOAT in a dome-shaped work area. Heavily used in the food, pharmaceutical, and electronic industries, this robot configuration is capable of delicate, precise movement.
The 5 Major Fields of Robotics
Here are the five major fields of robotics. Their importance to robotics development is massive and cannot be overemphasized.
- human-robot interface
Top Five (5) Reasons to Consider a Career in Robotics
Here are the top 5 reasons to consider a career in robotics.
- Unique Knowledge and Skills
The field of robotics is quite unlike any other field. It brings together a number of different disciplines, including engineering, computing, and artificial intelligence. Using ideas from all of these different fields, robotics is able to offer novel solutions to problems. There are few subjects that bring together so many disparate disciplines in order to formulate solutions as robotics does.
As a result of all these different disciplines working together, working in the field of robotics will bring you into close contact with ideas and concepts that you might otherwise never encounter. In order to solve the problems presented by modern robotics, creative thinking is just as important as proficiency with maths and science.
- Experience Broadened Horizons and Diversity
The field of robotics covers a wide variety of innovations, technologies, and objectives. The concept of a robot is one that has evolved considerably over time. Today, we understand that the term robot can apply to any number of different machines. For example, the machines used in automated manufacturing are often thought of robots, as are the robotic animals that are children’s toys.
Choosing to pursue a career as a robotics engineer can prepare you to bring your knowledge of computer-aided engineering in many sectors. Robotics engineers often work in industries that involve the design, creation, and implementation of automated systems, and some of the career opportunities in this field are found in industrial engineering and biotechnology, manufacturing and nuclear engineering.
The future of robotics is even more diverse than the present. Thanks to machine learning, we are now able to consider designing robots that are vastly more complex than anything we have produced thus far. For those who like to look to the future and want a career that is guaranteed to still be relevant over the coming decades then robotics is a solid choice
- Develop Versatile Skills
If you decide that robotics engineering is the right career for you, then you can expect to gain competencies that will help you develop an engineering mindset and prepare you for a broad range of engineering careers. As you work towards a career in this field, you’ll be introduced to everything from chemistry and biology to math and physics. Also, some of the robotics-specific skills that you may learn include feedback control, sensors and signal conditioning, computer programming and computer interfacing.
- Robotics is the Next Step in Information Technology
Robotics deals with the design, construction, operation, and use of robots, as well as computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing. These technologies are used to develop machines that can substitute for humans and replicate human actions.
Without stating that the evolution of robotics will be like the evolution of personal computers, it is important to note that robotics is the next step in the evolution of computers. It is where information is sent back to the tangible world to make things. Robotics will continue to piggyback on the advances of the fast-paced computed and electronics industries. Those synergies will fuel the innovation in the field. Just like computers, robotics has the potential to spread horizontally and advance all industries.
- Robotics Has Great Social, Economic and Environmental Impacts
Industrial robotics has an important role to keep thriving companies in your communities. Robotics creates well-paid jobs. Robotics makes it possible to manufacture locally in places where environmental and work standards are more respectful than in low wages regions. It also removes dangerous situations for workers.
Finally, if you’re looking for a career that will encourage you to innovate and look for new ways of applying existing solutions to modern problems, then robotics is a fantastic field to work in. Solving problems in robotics is about more than just advancing the field for the sake of it.
Solving new problems in the field of robotics often means that we formulate solutions that can be applied elsewhere. With any branch of science and technology, the implications of new research are impossible to predict. Advances we make in the design of manufacturing robots, for example, could lead to advances in the way that we design medical robots.
While you are on the lookout for career development; here is another article that will influence your choice of career and skill for a better impact.